Mobile Development Languages & Tools

iOS Development

iOS
If you like to create apps for iOS (iPad, iPhone) you can use the Xcode platform. The programming language of iOS(and Mac OS) is Objective-C. You can develop in C or C++ as well. Cocoa is the application programming interface (API).
You have one more excellent option – you can program apps for iOS in HTML5.
MonoTouch will allow you to use any .NET language and develop for iOS.

Android

Android
The officially supported integrated development environment (IDE) is Eclipse.
Additionally, developers may use any text editor to edit Java and XML files, then use command line tools (Java Development Kit and Apache Ant are required) to create, build and debug Android applications.
You can develop Android apps using HTML5.

Windows 8

Windows
The main tool you will use is Visual Studio (and Expression Blend). You can develop in HTML5 or XAML & C# or XAML & VB or XAML & C++.

Windows Phone

The main tool you will use is Visual Studio (and Expression Blend). You can develop in XAML & C# or XAML & VB or XAML & C++.

Blackberry

Blackberry
BlackBerry development is done in Java and you can use the Eclipse envoironment.

Corss-Platform Development Tools

Appcelerator Titanium allows you to develop apps in HTML5 for iOS, Android, Windows, Blackberry.
Icenium allows you to develop apps in HTML5 for iOS and Android.

Overview of Icenium Graphite

The installation of Icenium Graphite took me less than 5 minutes. You have multiple options how to login to this cloud based development environment. You can use your Telerik, Facebook, Google, Yahoo or Live ID.

5 minutes and I’m ready to create an application that will work on iOS and Android devices! It cannot be easier to get started.

There are 3 templates you can use for your project. All of them are Apache Cordova cross-platform based projects. The jQuery project has already the jQuery libraries imported into your project. Here is an overview of what the Kendo project can offer you- mobile widgets and frameworks.
Icenium Graphite
The work space is clean and intuitive. You will be creating an HTML5 application. The Graphite editor offers IntelliSense.
Icenium Graphite
You can customize your environment.
Icenium Graphite
The Menu options:
Icenium Graphite
Icenium Graphite
Icenium Graphite
Icenium Graphite
The simulator has the same minimalistic and clean feel. You can simulate the GPS location. The same project can be run in iPhone, iPhone 5, iPad, Android Phone and Android Tablet simulations.
Icenium Graphite

HTML5 Resources

HTML5HTML5 = JavaScript + CSS3 + HTML

You can build web applications for any browser and you can build mobile applications for Android, iOS and Windows 8 using HTML5.

HTML5 includes the fifth revision of the HTML markup language, CSS3, and a series of JavaScript APIs. Together, these technologies enable you to create complex applications that previously could be created only for desktop platforms. (html5rocks.com)

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language.

JavaScript (JS) is an open source programming language commonly implemented as part of a web browser in order to create enhanced user interfaces and dynamic websites.

jQuery is a multi-browser JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML. It is the most popular JavaScript library in use today. (jquery.com)

Modernizr is a JavaScript library that detects the availability of native implementations for next-generation Web Technologies. These technologies are new features that stem from the ongoing HTML5 and CSS 3 specifications.(modernizr.com)

JSON or JavaScript Object Notation, is a text-based open standard designed for human-readable data interchange. It is derived from the JavaScript scripting language for representing simple data structures and associative arrays, called objects. Despite its relationship to JavaScript, it is language-independent, with parsers available for many languages.

You can use any text editor to write HTML5 (yes, even Notepad).

Resources

Icenium – Integrated Cloud Envoironment (ICE)

I’m learning some cool stuff, Kids! I want to share this with you.

Icenium is a new and exciting development environment provided by Telerik. It helps you build applications for Android, iOS (iPad, iPhone) using only HTML5 (no Java, no Objective-C). You don’t need to install different development environments and multiple SDKs. It’s part of the new generation of mobile development platforms that uses the Cloud. It’s free till May 2013!

What is Icenium Graphite?
It’s a Windows based tool that will allow you to create, debug and deploy your applications for Apple iOS and Google Android mobile devices.
Icenium Graphite

What is Icenium Mist?
Icenium Mist is a browser-based development environment that enables web and mobile web developers to work on your mobile application projects from anywhere using only a web browser. It is the lightweight version of Icenium Graphite.
Icenium Mist

Is there a Simulator?
Yes. The Icenium Device Simulator enables you to experience how your application will look and feel in real-time across multiple device platforms and form factors, including smartphones and tablets. The device simulator is available in both Icenium Graphite and Icenium Mist.

What is Icenium Ion?
Icenium Ion is a free testing utility for web and mobile web developers who are using Icenium Mist. Ion enables developers to load applications you are developing into the Ion shell for testing and validation on any iOS device. Icenium Ion is available through the Apple AppStore.

Where is my code going to live?
You can choose between the Icenium Version Control repository—a Git repository on your cloud-based file system that is allocated when you create a new project, or you can choose to use an external URL-based Git repositories, such as GitHub or BitBucket.

What is Kendu UI Mobile?
The development in Icenium is done with Kendo UI Mobile. Kendo UI Mobile is a collection of HTML5 and JavaScript widgets designed to help developers build native app experiences using web standards. Kendo UI Mobile is unique in its ability to automatically adapt to different mobile platforms, precisely matching the native UX of platforms like iOS and Android.

What is Apache Cordova?
Apache Cordova is formerly known as PhoneGap. It is a mobile development framework. It enables software programmers to build applications for mobile devices using JavaScript, HTML5 and CSS3, instead of device-specific languages such as Objective-C. With Cordova you can easily leverage device API’s, including those for camera, accelerometer, geolocation, and more using standard web languages (HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript). You don’t need to install Apache Cordova when you use Icenium- it’s managed for you on the Cloud.

Additional Resources:

Step 1 to Start Developing for Windows 8 or Windows Phone 8

It’s the time of the New Year Resolutions and I want to start you on the one that will bring you prosperity and success!

Have you heard how exciting it is to be a Windows 8 developer? Have you heard you can reach 690,000,000 users and sell them your app? It’s the best opportunity for a developer out there. 40,000,000 users are already using Windows 8. There are 650,000,000 other Windows users that are moving or are expected to move to Windows 8.
Windows 8 Store
Do you know what else is exciting? It’s a new system, with new skills. You can be still one of the first Windows 8 developers out there.

Let’s start with the basics. Step 1.

If you don’t have a Microsoft account already, please sign up for one at:
https://login.live.com/

To develop for Windows RT (Windows Runtime) you need to develop on Windows 8.

You can work on a full version of Windows 8 Pro or you can download the 90 day evaluation version. I would choose the 64 bit version. (This way you can develop for Windows Phone 8 too!)

You need to download the SDK/tools (Visual Studio comes with Expression Blend).

If you cannot dedicate a machine to Windows 8, please read this blog post on how to install Windows 8 via boot to VHD.

Are you ready for more? FAQ for new developers.
Windows 8 Store
I hope you start today and I’ll be here to help you. I’ll be writing more blog articles for you with next steps.
Follow me on Twitter: @Nia_Angelina